Wholemeal spelt flour has a slightly nutty sweet flavour which lends itself well to making these wholemeal spelt flour scones.
Wholemeal flours as the name suggests contain the wholemeal meaning the body has to work harder to break the flour down and digest compared to a white flour which has be more processed. This makes these scones better tolerated for diabetics than white flour versions.
The brand of wholemeal spelt flour that I use is Doves Farm.
To get a good rise on a scone, you need self raising flour, or plain flour with baking powder added as a raising agent.
Wholemeal flours require larger amounts of raising agents and so this is why you will see higher amounts of baking powder being used in my wholemeal recipes. Please do not panic that there is too much baking powder in these recipes – it’s there for a reason!
To make a plain flour ‘self raising’ it is advised to add 2 tsp of baking powder per 150g of flour, but for scones and for wholemeal flours there is extra baking powder added on top of the recommended 2 tsp per 150g.
If you love jam with a scone, you need to bear in mind that this is increasing the carbs and making the scone harder to tolerate. Even low sugar, no added sugar and diabetic jams contain high amounts of fructose and so if you really want some jam with your scone, try out my raw chia seed jam recipe and serve alongside lots of butter, clotted cream or thick coconut cream!
Preheat the oven to 200°c and line a baking tray with baking parchment paper and place in the oven to heat (this helps to bake our scones well on the bottom)
Sift the flour into a large mixing bowl (this helps to create a more light & fluffy scone texture). You will find small bits which will not fall through the sieve which can be added into the scone mix to incorporate the fibre, so tip this on top of the sifted flour
Sift the baking powder & salt into the bowl and mix well so that the baking powder is evenly spread throughout the flour
Add the cold butter in small chunks into the flour mix and rub the butter between your fingers into the flour until it disappears and creates a breadcrumb like texture
Add in the sweetener and mix through
Whisk the 2 eggs in a jug with a fork until the egg easily passes through the fork when held up (scoop up some egg with the fork and it's ready when it easily falls through the prongs)
Pour milk into the jug to make the volume up to 300ml and stir well to combine the egg & milk
Pour most of the milk/egg into the flour (but reserve a small amount for brushing on top of the scones before baking) and use a knife to bring the dough together. Do not knead and overwork the dough. It should be slightly sticky and should just come together with minimal handling
Dust a surface with some more spelt flour and turn out the dough. Using your hands, gently pull the dough together just enough to form a dough ball. Dust a rolling pin (or you can use a glass or tin can, or just pat gently with your hands) and gently roll out the dough so that it is at least 2cm thick
Cut out your scones (I use a 6cm fluted cutter, but a cup or glass can also be used if you do not have cutters, or you can simply cut and mould the dough into rustic triangles). Dip your cutter into spelt flour and push down firmly. Avoid twisting the cutter as this hinders the raising of scone when baking. Gently remould the dough to get as many scones out of the dough as possible
Place each scone onto the heated baking tray and brush the tops with the leftover egg/milk wash, then place in the oven and bake for 10-15 minutes or until the tops are golden
Remove from the oven and place on a cooling rack. Scones are best served warm, serve with butter and/or clotted cream, coconut cream and/or chia seed jam or sliced fresh strawberry
These scones can be frozen once cooled. Defrost and heat in the oven for 10 minutes to serve.
Avoid adding any dried fruit to the scones. We call dried fruit sugar bullets as they are so high in natural sugar and cause a lot of issues for blood glucose levels. If you wish to flavour your scones, go for citrus zest, cinnamon, nuts, seeds and coconut over fruit and chocolate.
If you cannot eat eggs, then you could use all milk instead but eggs help to provide a fluffier cake texture and help as a leavening agent too - they are also helpful for pairing the flour. Try to cut your scones deeper as they will not rise as well without the eggs.
If you need dairy free scones, you could replace the milk with a dairy free milk such as almond, coconut or soy milk, coconut oil for butter or a dairy free spread.
If you need vegan scones, you could make both the adjustments above.
*SWEETENERS - This recipe recommends using xylitol or erythritol natural sweeteners. Other sweeteners can be used but you may not achieve the same results. Artificial powdered sweeteners such as sucralose (like Splenda) or aspartame (like Canderel) can be used but you need to use MUCH MUCH LESS (approx. 3.5 tbsp but please double check your sweeteners label as they can all differ). Xylitol and erythritol weighs the same as granulated sugar, so you need to work out the equivalent amount to use if using these sweeteners instead. If using Truvia, use this Truvia conversion chart to help you work out the amount required.
Please note, xylitol is highly toxic to dogs!
Sweeteners for baking:-
Sweeteners vary greatly and so I advise using the one specified in the recipe for the best results. I find xylitol and erythritol works very similar to sugar in baking, they weigh the same like for like as sugar and they are also a natural sweeteners. Xylitol when eaten in large amounts may, like many sweeteners cause a laxative type effect, but I find it is not as bad as other sweeteners in this respect at all. The type of xylitol I purchase is called Total Sweet and is available in some larger supermarkets, health food stores like Holland & Barrett and on Amazon. If you have IBS or other gastric conditions, you may prefer to use erythritol which has less gastric impact than xylitol. If you choose to use a different sweetener you may need significantly less than the recipe stipulates and you may experience a bitter aftertaste in your baked goods. Xylitol weighs the same like for like as sugar, where as many other sweeteners only need a tiny amount for the same sweetness, Jo xx
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